5 Traits of The Big Five Personality Test
This semester at Berkeley College (NYC) I took the big five personality test assessment. The test highlighted strengths and weaknesses I can improve to become a more effective leader.
You can see and read about my test results here.
The Big Five Personality Traits of Effective Leadership. Also known as the five factor model (FFM).
The Big Five personality traits, also known as the five factor model (FFM), is a model based on …. of professions, individuals were asked to take a personality test and have two evaluations completed by directly supervised subordinates.
Surgency is comprised of high energy, extraversion, and dominance.
Dominance is an important trait for leaders to have to be effective and successful. Dominance shows that successful leaders assert themselves and want to be managed, while still having the drive to lead.
Extraversion is not an absolute. We all as humans fluctuate between moments of being introverted or extroverted.
When a leader is acting in an outgoing fashion, looking to meet and engage with new people, while remaining open and willing to being assertive or confronting others.
Introverts are more analytical, observant and reserved in leadership roles. Many online forums and discussion boards have referenced introverts as shy or timid. For the big five personality test, introvert references someone who excels within themselves, versus externally.
High energy with ambition.
Many leaders are naturally influential. Leaders with high energy are infectious. They have the ability to channel their energy into productive and to achieve goals.
Agreeableness is based on sociability, sensitivity, and emotional intelligence.
Sociability and sensitivity reference people who will seek out enjoyable social interactions. Those who are friendly, easy to talk to, and courteous would be scored high on the big five test.
The sensitivity aspect is understanding group members as individuals. Even though a majority of people in a department are black or Muslim, they are not all the same. This insensitivity can derail a leader or organization.
According to the Big Five Personality Test results, Emotional Intelligence is the ability to work well with others utilizing the following:
- Self-awareness: Emotions and how they affect one’s personal life
- Social awareness: The ability to understand others
- Self-management: Controlling all of those inner impulses, rants, fits, and bouts of anger that surface emotionally.
- Relationship-management: While working well with other, displaying an ability to harmonize self-awareness, social awareness, and self-management.
Adjustment includes traits of emotional stability and self-confidence.
Emotional stability is one’s ability to consistently remain in control of their emotions. There will be those who perform well under pressure and those that respond abysmally. How emotionally stable a leader is can be referenced in how they manage their emotional stability.
Self-confidence is one’s effort to control the continuum from strong to weak. Those moments of error as a leader and how they own up to their mistakes, take ownership and move forward. Having an accurate reference point for our own weaknesses and strengths allow us to continually improve.
Conscientiousness is comprised of the traits dependability and integrity.
This was one of my three strongest traits, referenced in my big five personality test results.
Dependability is how a leader, manager, or employee balances being responsible/dependable or irresponsible/undependable. There are life and professional factors that an individual makes decisions within at all times.
Conscientiousness is how someone can have a continuum where they show up on time, get the job done, and execute quality work over and over again.
Integrity is being honest and ethical. Ones decision not to be can be a shortcut to how trustworthy an individual is. To be successful and profitable, leaders need integrity.
Openness includes characteristics of flexibility, intelligence and internal locusts of control.
Flexibility is one’s ability to adjust to the chaos and different situations within a workplace or life. People who are not flexible will struggle to succeed or adjust to change.
Intelligence is someone’s ability to think strategically, critically, to solve problems and make decisions.
Locus of Control is the inner mentality that an individual relies on as an internal compass. It is the inner beliefs that take control over one’s life destiny.
Externalizers believe they have no control of their lives beyond what they are fated to.
Internalizers believe that they have control over their fate, life, and destiny. They understand how their day to day behavior leads to their long-term performance.
Take the Big Five Personality Test or the Myers Briggs Personality Test.
Sheldon, K. M., Ryan, R. M., Rawsthorne, L. J., & Ilardi, B. (1997). Trait self and true self: Cross-role variation in the Big-Five personality traits and its relations with psychological authenticity and subjective well-being. Journal of personality and social psychology, 73(6), 1380.